Bergamot is a citrus fruit whose rind is used for extracting bergamot essential oil. The scientific name of bergamot is Citrus aurantium var. or Citrus bergamia. It is a tropical plant but thrives in Europe as well. Its powerful aroma makes it a popular component in many perfumes, and it is often used as the “top note”. It is derived from cold compression, as opposed to the steam distillation through which many other essential oils are derived. One of the most common applications that you may not be aware of is its use in black tea preparation. The inclusion of bergamot essential oil in regular black tea is given a different name – Earl Gray!
This particular oil must be handled very carefully, as it can cause a dramatic skin irritation. Thus it is best used in a perfume, where its concentration is minimal.
Used as an anti-depressant, it is also found to be stimulating for blood, hormones, and digestive juices. This action can also help to relieve the pain of headaches, muscles, and sprains. It is also so helpful to reduce stress, anxiety and known to be one of the best anti-depressive.